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  • 为什么猪舍外面也要消毒?
  • 本站编辑:杭州倍力康环境科技有限公司发布日期:2018-06-07 21:10 浏览次数:
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猪舍空气中有大量的细微颗粒,主要有五个方面组成,饲料灰、大气及猪舍空气中的自然灰尘、猪的呼吸产生的气溶胶粒子、猪体皮肤脱落物、猪粪便干燥后的挥发物。其中后三个特别重要。猪的一次喷嚏可产生上百万个气溶胶粒子,咳嗽、嚎叫等都可以产生以唾液、粘液等为主要成分的气溶胶,又叫飞沫。飞沫中的水分蒸发后剩余的粘液蛋白、微生物等,称为飞沫核。飞沫有90%以上的直径小于5 μm,飞沫核的直径一般为1~20μm。
There are a large number of fine particles in the air of the piggery, which are mainly composed of five aspects: the feed ash, the air and the natural dust in the air of the piggery, the aerosol particles produced by the pig's respiration, the skin shedding of the pig body, and the volatiles after the drying of the pig's feces. The latter three are particularly important. A pig's sneezing can produce millions of aerosol particles. Coughing and Howling can produce aerosols, such as saliva, mucus, etc., called droplets. The residual water in the droplet is mucus protein, microorganism and so on. It is called the droplet nucleus. More than 90% of the droplet diameter is less than 5 m, and the diameter of the droplet core is generally 1~20 m.
我们知道PM10是指空气动力学直径在10微米以下的固态和液态颗粒物,不能靠自身的重力降落到地面,因此又称为漂浮物,有的漂几天,甚至于几年。
We know that PM10 refers to the solid and liquid particles of the aerodynamics below 10 microns, which can not be landed on the ground by its own gravity, so it is also called floating, some days, even a few years.
猪舍中的这些细微颗粒重量轻,长期漂浮在空中,当环境适宜时,随风漂移,传播疾病。据报道,口蹄疫病毒可以通过风传20公里。我想为了预防蓝耳病,公猪舍加装猪舍过滤设备原因也是如此吧。
These fine particles in the piggery are light weight and float in the air for a long time. When the environment is suitable, they drift along with the wind and spread diseases. It is reported that foot-and-mouth disease virus can be transmitted by air for 20 kilometers. I think in order to prevent blue ear disease, it is also the reason why the pig house is equipped with piggery filtration equipment.
当这些细微颗粒通过风传播到达其他猪场第一站是猪舍外的表面,如地表,猪舍舍顶等,如果能及时进行消毒清除,则可以减少疾病的发生,因此对其消毒的重要性很大。
When these fine particles are spread through the wind, the first station is the surface of the pig house, such as the surface of the pig house, such as the roof of the pig house, and so on. If it can be sterilized in time, it can reduce the occurrence of the disease, so it is very important to disinfect it.
改进方法,对猪舍外的空地、草地等和猪舍屋顶进行消毒。建议安装正规的喷雾消毒设备并定期对猪舍内外进行消毒。
The improved method is to disinfect the vacant land, grassland and pig house roof outside the pig house. It is recommended to install regular spray disinfection equipment and regularly disinfect inside and outside the pig house.

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